Migrant Mother
This unit will discuss the time period between World War I and World War II. It will cover Prohibition, the Great Migration, the Great Depression and the New Deal. We will discuss how society changed during this era due to such factors as art, music, technology, morals and economics.

Amato Lesson 1: New Technology

Amato Lesson 2: Great Migration and Prohibition

Amato Lesson 3: Harlem Renaissance

Amato Lesson 4:Great Depression

Amato Lesson 5: New Deal

Unit Title: Changes of the early twentieth century
Subject Area: High School level History
SOLs: SOL Standard USII.5The student will demonstrate knowledge of the social, economic, and technological changes of the early twentieth century by
a) Explaining how developments in transportation (including the use of the automobile), communication, and electrification changed American life.
b) Describing the social changes that took place, including Prohibition, and the Great Migration north.
c) Examining art, literature, and music from the 1920s and 1930s, emphasizing Langston Hughes, Duke Ellington, and Georgia O'Keeffe and including the Harlem Renaissance.
d) Identifying the causes of he Great Depression, its impact on Americans, and the major features of FDR’s New Deal

Unit Goals and Objectives:
  • Students will understand the time period that brought America into the modern age we know today.
  • Students will compare/contrast the technology change of early 20th century to the technology change of the computer age.
  • Students will learn perspectives of various races and socioeconomic standards during the early twentieth century.
  • Students will understand the cultural, racial and self esteem changes caused by the Harlem Renaissance by way of art (visual discovery), music and writing.
  • Students will understand the change in values that accompanied Prohibition and the contrasting rise of organized crime.
  • Students will study the Great Migration and analyze how African Americans were treated in the South vs. the North, their moral, economic opportunities and living conditions.
  • Students will examine how housing laws and restrictions lasted far past their repeals.
  • Students will understand the complexities that caused the Depression, how these events affected millions of people and the programs that were enacted to combat it.

Essential Questions:
  • Explanation: How does society change during this time in terms of technology, morals, economics, and racial views? (rationale: Technology drastically changed daily life and moved us into the modern age we know today, new policies are passed in response to economic hardships and racial views are radically challenged in this period as Reconstruction is no longer taking place)
  • Empathy: How does the emergence into the modern age leave Americans wishing for simpler times? (rationale: Technology takes away jobs, Prohibition caused by rebirth of high morals and values, Great Migration leaves thousands homeless/jobless)
  • Perspective: How did was this period in American life differ between geographic reasons, Whites and Blacks, poor and wealthy? (rationale: depending on ones geography and socioeconomic standing, the time period effected them drastically differently)

Prohibition Henry Ford John Steinbeck
Organized crime (bootleggers) Assembly line Langston Hughes
Guglielmo Marconi Nikola Tesla Georgia O’Keefe
Speakeasies Wright brothers Duke Ellington
18th Amendment segregation George Gershwin
Black Nationalist Great Migration Aaron Copeland
Marcus Garvey NAACP Jacob Lawrence
Harlem Renaissance W.E.B. DuBois Bessie Smith
Booker T. Washington Louis Armstrong Sharecrop
"Hoover flag" Shantytowns "Hoovervilles"
New Deal and its programs Hoover Federal Reserve Board
Roosevelt Black Tuesday Dust bowl
Gold Standard Migrant Bank holiday

Schedule: 90 minute blocks
Day one: Technology of the Early 20th Century PowerPoint & activities
Day two: Harlem Renaissance Artists: warm up and PowerPoint lecture
Day three: Harlem Renaissance Artists: computer research and writing
Day four: Great Migration and the Prohibition interactive digital streaming PowerPoint
Day five: Movie Maker and the Great Depression: learning the program
Day six: Movie Maker and the Great Depression: research
Day seven: Movie Maker and the Great Depression: research
Day eight: Quiz, The New Deal lecture
Day nine: Student projects